Yet another study has been published that verifies that there is no meaningful difference between kids raised by parents who are opposite-sex and children raised by same-sex parents. Most importantly, writes Ed Brayton of Patheos, this study compares families that are similarly-situated.
The research published in the Journal of Development and Behavioral Pediatrics discovered that in spite of the ongoing debate concerning same-sex child-rearing, young ones who have same-sex parents are equally as well-adjusted physically and emotionally as children of different-sex moms and dads.
One of the authors of the study, Dr. Nannette Gartrell, said the goal was to create an authentic population-based "apples-to-apples" comparison.
"It is the only study to compare same-sex and different-sex parent households with stable, continuously coupled parents and their biological offspring," said Gartrell. It's been a goal of ours to do a nationally representative survey in which we could do this very carefully matched study."
For data, Gartrell and her team used the National Survey of Children's Health on emotional and physical well-being and matched 95 same-sex female parent households to 95 different-sex parent families.
The study did find that the predictors for children's health, emotional balance, coping behaviors, and learning abilities were parents' relationships with one another and with their young one.
The characteristics that the scientists used to match the 95 pairs of parents included parents' age, parents' education level, parents' country of birth, and the urban or rural residence of parents. They also matched the two sets of parents according to child's age, child's race, child's gender, and child's country of birth, reports Nadia Kounang of CNN.
An interesting fact discovered during the research was that lesbian parents experienced higher levels of parenting anxiety. Gartrell said this was probably based on their perceived homophobia. The scientists assumed that same-sex parents might have reacted to the "pressure to justify the quality of their parenting more than their heterosexual counterparts."
Researchers from the Williams Institute in the US suggested that previous studies were wrong in saying that kids from same-sex families were more likely to have mental health problems and need additional emotional support than children from heterosexual households, writes Neelam for Health Newsline.
The research team was affiliated with the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, the University of Amsterdam, and Columbia University. The researchers explained that this study was the first to use a nationally representative information to compare the two kinds of family structure, but focused only on parents who have been in a continuance partnership.
An article by Dale Carpenter of The Washington Post in May, 2015 explains that a 2012 study by Mark Regnerus, a sociologist at the University of Texas, found that children with same-sex parents do not function as well as kids raised by married heterosexual parents.
A federal judge heaped unbridled criticism on the author and gave the study a searing assessment. But Regnerus fired back by filing an amicus brief against gay marriage in federal court. An amicus brief is a legal document filed in an appellate court by a non-litigant about a subject in which the person is highly interested.
But Professors Simon Cheng (University of Connecticut) and Brian Powell (Indiana University) published a criticism of his research that suggested that Regnerus' data was misclassified. A re-evaluation of the information concluded there were few differences between kids raised by same-sex parents and those brought up by different-sex parents.