The Institute of Education Sciences and the National Center for Education Statistics have released... Read More
Could Segregated Classrooms Close Education’s Gender Gap?
The choices that men and women make about what to study in college will affect their earnings for life, and a new study of college-educated workers in Italy suggests that these choices may be influenced by how much contact male and female students had while they were in high school. Writing in The Daily Caller, [...]
The choices that men and women make about what to study in college will affect their earnings for life, and a new study of college-educated workers in Italy suggests that these choices may be influenced by how much contact male and female students had while they were in high school.
Writing in The Daily Caller, Eric Owens says that UC-Davis economics professors Massimo Anelli and Giovanni Peri tracked Italians who graduated from college between 1985 and 2005.
The researchers found that the gender ratio of high school classmates considerably and consistently affected the choices students later made about their majors.
Women students who had attended all-female high schools had a much greater tendency to major in high-paying fields like engineering, business and medicine, instead of the humanities. This trend was so strong that just attending a high school with an unusually large majority of girls was enough to create the same effect.
Conversely, attending a balanced, mixed-gender school produced traditional results:
On the other hand, female students who attended ordinary mixed-gender schools are more likely to choose stereotypical majors that will likely lead to lower short-run earnings, lower long-run earnings and limited overall career potential.
People who study traits of modern, Western economies have noticed that while women are now educated as well as men, they still earn less. While some suspect that bias against women is behind this pay gap, others point out that women simply don’t tend to major in computer science and engineering. Women are not only as educated as men, in many cases they are better educated — they outnumber men 58% to 42%, in graduate school programs. The difference is that they aren’t studying the same subjects.
More women go into education, social work, arts and the lower levels of health care. Physician’s Assistants, who work under medical doctors but do a lot of the hands-on primary care, are more often women than men. Additionally, they major in noncompetitive subjects like literature:
In the U.S., more women choose to major in humanities fields, such as English. Very nearly two-thirds of all humanities degrees go to women. Meanwhile, more men choose to major in engineering and the hard sciences. In engineering, for example, about 80 percent of recent grads are male.
Why don’t women go into math-oriented, competitive fields more often? A 2009 Federal Reserve study summarizes the two most obvious hypotheses: abilities and preferences. Women may be naturally less good at math and science; they may also prefer to work with people, especially with women and children in social services or education. Additionally, families may help condition their children to go into the same line of work that their fathers or mothers did, which perpetuates gender stereotypes.
But the new study suggests that girls may be shaped by comparing themselves to male students. If there are no men for comparison, they may more readily consider themselves to be good at math, or interested in science.
In the United States, where mixed-gender schooling has a long history, there are few all-girls’ schools. Some have tried to introduce gender segregation into publicly funded schooling, but it has met with skepticism. Perhaps the study by Anelli and Peri will begin to suggest new ways to look at the issue.
Minneapolis based consulting and research firm Adventium Labs has developed an educational iOS game... Read More
It seemed like less than a decade ago that the popularity of high school exit exams was at its... Read More
More groups are saying that the time and expense dedicated to standardized testing is having... Read More
Plan your career as an educator using our free online datacase of useful information.
- Select a State Subject
- Biology Schools in Pennsylvania
- Culinary Schools in North Carolina
- Fashion Schools in Louisiana
- Liberal Arts Schools in Texas
- Select a City Subject
- Biology Schools in Bloomsburg
- Biology Schools in Carlisle
- Biology Schools in Chambersburg
- Biology Schools in Cresson
- Biology Schools in East Stroudsburg
- Biology Schools in Edinboro
- Biology Schools in Elizabethtown
- Biology Schools in Greensburg
- Biology Schools in Johnstown
- Biology Schools in Lincoln University
- Biology Schools in Nanticoke
- Biology Schools in New Wilmington
- Biology Schools in Newtown
- Biology Schools in Pittsburgh
- Biology Schools in Reading
- Biology Schools in Selinsgrove
- Culinary Schools in Asheville
- Culinary Schools in Charlotte
- Culinary Schools in Durham
- Culinary Schools in Elizabeth City
- Culinary Schools in Fayetteville
- Culinary Schools in Graham
- Culinary Schools in Henderson
- Culinary Schools in Hudson
- Culinary Schools in Jamestown
- Culinary Schools in Kinston
- Culinary Schools in Lumberton
- Culinary Schools in Morehead City
- Culinary Schools in Pinehurst
- Culinary Schools in Raleigh
- Culinary Schools in Rocky Mount
- Culinary Schools in Sylva
- Culinary Schools in Wilkesboro
- Culinary Schools in Wilmington
- Fashion Schools in Baton Rouge
- Fashion Schools in Lafayette
- Fashion Schools in West Monroe
- Liberal Arts Schools in Abilene
- Liberal Arts Schools in Alvin
- Liberal Arts Schools in Austin
- Liberal Arts Schools in Baytown
- Liberal Arts Schools in Belton
- Liberal Arts Schools in Borger
- Liberal Arts Schools in Brenham
- Liberal Arts Schools in Brownwood
- Liberal Arts Schools in Canyon
- Liberal Arts Schools in Clarendon
- Liberal Arts Schools in Commerce
- Liberal Arts Schools in Dallas
- Liberal Arts Schools in Gainesville
- Liberal Arts Schools in Galveston
- Liberal Arts Schools in Georgetown
- Liberal Arts Schools in Irving
- Liberal Arts Schools in Kilgore
- Liberal Arts Schools in Killeen
- Liberal Arts Schools in Lake Jackson
- Liberal Arts Schools in Lancaster
- Liberal Arts Schools in McAllen
- Liberal Arts Schools in Mount Pleasant
- Liberal Arts Schools in Nacogdoches
- Liberal Arts Schools in Odessa
- Liberal Arts Schools in Pasadena
- Liberal Arts Schools in Plainview
- Liberal Arts Schools in Seguin
- Liberal Arts Schools in Texas City
- Liberal Arts Schools in Vernon
- Liberal Arts Schools in Weatherford
- Liberal Arts Schools in Wharton