VERB PACKET - Part 1

VERB PACKET

Mrs. Donna Garner -- English I

February 24, 1998

PART 1

¶1. The verb is the most important part in a sentence. If you can find the verb(s), then you will have no trouble finding the subject(s). Once you find a verb just ask yourself who or what.

Example: There are three boys in the street. ("Are" is the verb; say, "who" are? -- "boys" are)

Therefore, even if the subject comes toward the end of the sentence, once you find the verb, it is not hard to find the subject.

¶2. In order to recognize verbs easily, you must memorize the following formulas:

SIMPLE TENSES

FORMULA

   

1. Present tense

1st column

2. Past tense

2nd column

3. Future tense

shall / will + 1st col.

PERFECT TENSES

Remember: All perfect tenses use 3rd col.

4. Present Perfect tense

have / has + 3rd col.

5. Past Perfect tense

had + 3rd col.

6. Future Perfect tense

shall have / will have + 3rd col.

   

PROGRESSIVE TENSES

Remember: All progressive tenses will use 4th col.

   

7. Present Progressive tense

am / are / is + 4th col.

8. Past Progressive tense

was / were + 4th col.

9. Future Progressive tense

shall be / will be + 4th col.

   

CONDITIONAL TENSES

 
   

10. Future Conditional tense

should / would + 1st col.

11. Future Conditional perfect

should have / would have +3rd

   

EMPHATIC TENSES

 
   

12. Present Emphatic tense

do / does + 1st col.

13. Past Emphatic tense

did + 1st col.

   

MISCELLANEOUS 10 (MODAL VERBS)

(2 C's and 3 M's)

These next verbs do not have actual verb tense names; therefore, we will lump them together and call them the Misc. 10 List.)

   

1. can + 1st col.

6. can have + 3rd col.

2. could + 1st col.

7. could have + 3rd col.

3. may + 1st col.

8. may have + 3rd col.

4. might + 1st col.

9. might have + 3rd col.

5. must + 1st col.

10. must have + 3rd col.

   
   

¶3. Just as a father can have many children (some look like him and some do not look like him), a verb father can have many children. Some of the verb forms look like the father, and others do not look like him. We are going to call the infinitive form the verb father. To enjoy is really an infinitive, but we are going to call to enjoy a verb father. We are going to try to locate all the children that belong to the to enjoy family. The way that we go about finding all the possible children is by a process called conjugating. You simply apply the formulas, which you have already memorized, to the Principal Parts of Verbs Chart, and use the following pattern for conjugating:

CONJUGATION OF VERB FATHER -- TO ENJOY

By looking at the Principal Parts Chart, you will see the following:

Present

1st col.

Past

2nd col.

Past Participle

3rd col.

Present Participle

4th col.

       

enjoy (s)

enjoyed

enjoyed

enjoying

       

PRESENT TENSE -- 1ST COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st person

I enjoy

1st person

we enjoy

2nd person

you enjoy

2nd person

you enjoy

3rd person

he,she,it enjoys

3rd person

they enjoy

       

PAST TENSE -- 2ND COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st person

I enjoyed

we enjoyed

 

2nd person

you enjoyed

you enjoyed

 

3rd person

he, she, it enjoyed

they enjoyed

 
       

FUTURE TENSE -- SHALL or WILL + 1ST COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st

I shall/will enjoy

we shall/will enjoy

 

2nd

you shall/will enjoy

you shall/will enjoy

 

3rd

he, she, it shall/will enjoy

they shall/will enjoy

 

*Normally the form "shall" is used in the 1st person and "will" is used in 2nd and 3rd persons. If a person wants to indicate strong emotion, determination, or volition, then the forms are reversed--"will" is used in 1st person; "shall" is used in 2nd and 3rd person.

Example: I will do my work. (normal)

I shall do my work. (determination/strong emotion) You shall finish this test. (normal)

You will finish this test. (determination/command)

PRESENT PERFECT -- HAVE / HAS + 3RD COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st

I have enjoyed

we have enjoyed

 

2nd

you have enjoyed

you have enjoyed

 

3rd

he, she, it

has enjoyed

they have enjoyed

 
       

PAST PERFECT -- HAD + 3RD COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st

I had enjoyed

we had enjoyed

 

2nd

you had enjoyed

you had enjoyed

 

3rd

he, she, it

had enjoyed

they had enjoyed

 
       

FUTURE PERFECT -- SHALL HAVE / WILL HAVE + 3RD COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st

I shall/will have enjoyed

we shall/will have enjoyed

 

2nd

you shall/will have enjoyed

you shall/will have enjoyed

 

3rd

he, she, it shall/will have enjoyed

they shall/will have enjoyed

 
       

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE -- AM/ ARE / IS + 4TH COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st

I am enjoying

we are enjoying

 

2nd

you are enjoying

you are enjoying

 

3rd

he, she, it

is enjoying

they are enjoying

 
       

PAST PROGRESSIVE -- WAS / WERE + 4TH COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st

I was enjoying

we were enjoying

 

2nd

you were enjoying

you were enjoying

 

3rd

he, she, it was enjoying

they were enjoying

 
       

FUTURE PROGRESSIVE -- SHALL BE / WILL BE + 4TH COL.

Singular

 

Plural

 
       

1st

I shall/will be enjoying

we shall/will be enjoying

 

2nd

you shall/will be enjoying

you shall/will be enjoying

 

3rd

he, she, it shall/will be enjoying

they shall/will be enjoying

 
       

FUTURE CONDITIONAL -- SHOULD / WOULD + 1ST COL.

(The same pattern follows for all the rest of the tenses. For instance, the Future Conditional forms would be: I should/would enjoy, you should/would enjoy, etc.)

¶4. Now let's go back and write down all of the different verb children that we have located through conjugating.

1. enjoy (Present)

18. should enjoy (Fut. Cond.)

2. enjoys (Present)

19. would enjoy (Fut. Cond.)

3. enjoyed (Past)

20. should have enjoyed (Fut. Cond. Perf.)

4. shall enjoy (Future)

21. would have enjoyed (Fut. Cond. Perf.)

5. will enjoy (Future)

22. do enjoy (Pres. Emphatic)

6. have enjoyed (Present Perfect)

23. does enjoy (Pres. Emphatic)

7. has enjoyed (Present Perfect)

24. did enjoy (Past Emphatic)

8. had enjoyed (Past Perfect)

25. can enjoy (Misc. 10)

9. shall have enjoyed (Future Perfect)

26. could enjoy (Misc. 10)

10. will have enjoyed (Future Perfect)

27. may enjoy (Misc. 10)

11. am enjoying (Present Progressive)

28. might enjoy (Misc. 10)

12. are enjoying (Present Progressive)

29. must enjoy (Misc. 10)

13. is enjoying (Present Progressive)

30. can have enjoyed (Misc. 10)

14. was enjoying (Past Prog.)

31. could have enjoyed (Misc. 10)

15. were enjoying (Past Prog.)

32. may have enjoyed (Misc. 10)

16. shall be enjoying (Future Prog.)

33. might have enjoyed (Misc. 10)

17. will be enjoying (Future Prog.)

34. must have enjoyed (Misc. 10)

   

¶5. Do you see that by knowing the formulas, the Principal Parts of Verbs Chart, and the pattern for conjugating that you can locate 34 children of the verb family to enjoy? The next thing that we must study and know is the Principal Parts of Verbs Chart.

"Today I …"

"Yesterday I…"

"Often I have…"

"Right now I am…"

Present -- 1st col.

Past -- 2nd col.

Past Participle-

3rd col.

Present Participle -4th col.

       

do(es)

did

done

doing

enjoy(s)

enjoyed

enjoyed

enjoying

attack(s)

attacked

attacked

attacking

beat(s)

beat

beaten

beating

become(s)

became

become

becoming

begin(s)

began

begun

beginning

break(s)

broke

broken

breaking

bring(s)

brought

brought

bringing

burst(s)

burst

burst

bursting

choose(es)

chose

chosen

choosing

climb(s)

climbed

climbed

climbing

come(s)

came

come

coming

drag(s)

dragged

dragged

dragging

"Today I …"

"Yesterday I…"

"Often I have…"

"Right now I am…"

Present -- 1st col.

Past -- 2nd col.

Past Participle-

3rd col.

Present Participle -4th col.

       

draw(s)

drew

drawn

drawing

drink(s)

drank

drunk

drinking

drive(s)

drove

driven

driving

drown(s)

drowned

drowned

drowning

eat(s)

ate

eaten

eating

fall(s)

fell

fallen

falling

fly(ies)

flew

flown

flying

freeze(s)

froze

frozen

freezing

give(s)

gave

given

giving

go(es)

went

gone

going

know(s)

knew

known

knowing

have (has)

had

had

having

ride(s)

rode

ridden

riding

ring(s)

rang

rung

ringing

rise(s)

rose

risen

rising

run(s)

ran

run

running

see(s)

saw

seen

seeing

shake(s)

shook

shaken

shaking

shrink(s)

shrank

shrunk

shrinking

sing(s)

sang

sung

singing

sink(s)

sank

sunk

sinking

sit(s)

sat

sat

sitting

sneak(s)

sneaked

sneaked

sneaking

speak(s)

spoke

spoken

speaking

spring(s)

sprang

sprung

springing

steal(s)

stole

stolen

stealing

swim(s)

swam

swum

swimming

hang(s) clothes

hung

hung

hanging

hang(s) bodies

hanged

hanged

hanging

swing(s)

swung

swung

swinging

take(s)

took

taken

taking

tear(s)

tore

torn

tearing

throw(s)

threw

thrown

throwing

wear(s)

wore

worn

wearing

strive(s)

strove

striven

striving

write(s)

wrote

written

writing

behold(s)

beheld

beheld

beholding

       

"Today I …"

"Yesterday I…"

"Often I have…"

"Right now I am…"

Present -- 1st col.

Past -- 2nd col.

Past Participle-

3rd col.

Present Participle -4th col.

       

bleed(s)

bled

bled

bleeding

creep(s)

crept

crept

creeping

fling(s)

flung

flung

flinging

forsake(s)

forsook

forsaken

forsaking

drug(s) dope

drugged

drugged

drugging

grind(s)

ground

ground

grinding

get(s)

got

got, gotten

getting

seek(s)

sought

sought

seeking

shut(s)

shut

shut

shutting

shed(s)

shed

shed

shedding

slink(s)

slunk

slunk

slinking

stride(s)

strode

stridden

striding

thrust

thrust

thrust

thrusting

wind(s)

wound

wound

wounding

wring(s)

wrung

wrung

wringing

bid(s) offer

bid

bid

bidding

bid(s) order

bade

bidden

bidding

shine(s) sun

shone

shone

shining

shine(s) shoes

shined

shined

shining

lead(s)

led

led

leading

¶6. You know your formulas, the Principal Parts of Verb Chart, and the pattern for conjugating. You are all set. Conjugate the 14 tenses of to swim -- Present, Past, Future, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Future Perfect, Present Progressive, Past Progressive, Future Progressive, Future Conditional, Future Conditional Perfect, Present Emphatic, Past Emphatic, and Miscellaneous 10. (You may use ditto marks where appropriate.)

¶7. Conjugate in 14 tenses the verb to burst.

¶8. Make a list of all 34 children of the verbs to spring and to swim.

¶9. Now write down the 34 children of the "jabberwocky" verb to snark.

¶10. Do Worksheet #1. Write the formula above the tense name. Then write down the 3rd person, singular form (he) in the blank.

WORKSHEET # 1

1. Present of to go __he goes_______________________________

2. Past of to strike _________________________________

3. Past Progressive of to have ___________________________________________

4. Past Progressive of to risk _____________________________________________

5. Future Perfect of to have ________________________________________________

6. Present Perfect of to go _________________________________________

7. Future of to run _________________________________________

8. Past Perfect of to see ___________________________________________

9. Future Progressive of to jump ____________________________________________

10. Present Progressive of to attack __________________________________________

11. Present of to play ___________________________________

12. Present Perfect of to drown ___________________________________________

13. Past Perfect of to have ______________________________________________

14. Future of to drink ______________________________________________

15. Future tense of to drink _________________________________________

16. Present Progressive of to ride ________________________________________

17. Future Progressive of to skate _________________________________________

18. Past Perfect of to seem ______________________________________________

19. Future Perfect of to go ______________________________________________

20. Future Progressive of to burst ________________________________________

21. Past of to bring _____________________________________________

22. Present Perfect Progressive of to go _____________________________________

23. Past Perfect of to become _________________________________________

24. Present Perfect Progressive of to sting __________________________________

25. Past Perfect Progressive of to sneak ______________________________________

¶11. Do Worksheet #2. Write the name of the tense.

WORKSHEET # 2

1. had played ______Past Perfect____________________________

2. came ___________________________________

3. had burst ________________________________________

4. will have burst _________________________________________

5. shall ride ____________________________________

6. have ____________________________________

7. is going ___________________________________________

8. was going _______________________________________________

9. shall be going ___________________________________________________________

10. shall have been going _______________________________________________

11. has shrunk _________________________________________________

12. laughed __________________________________

13. has run _____________________________________

14. has been going _______________________________________________

15. he bursts ________________________________________

16. he burst ________________________________________

17. has raised ____________________________________________

18. shall have raised ________________________________________

19. had been finishing _________________________________________

20. shall have been driving ________________________________________

¶12. Do Worksheet #3. In the blank write the correct form of the verb. The "father" is listed to the right of each sentence. Write the name of the tense over the correct choice.

WORKSHEET #3

1. Has that large bird dog ______________across my flower bed? (to run)

2. No, it _______________across the parking lot. (to run)

3. Who has ___________________ my library book? (to take)

4. I think George _________________ it. (to take)

5. Have you ___________________________ those rugs? (to shake)

6. Yes, I _________________________ them this morning. (to shake)

7. The manager _______________________ pleasantly to me yesterday. Hasn't he

always ________________________________ pleasantly to you? (to speak)

8. Someone ___________________ David's car last night. (to steal)

9. The balloon ______________________ into flames. Had it ____________________

____________________________ into flames before the crowd dispersed? (to burst)

10. Have you _______________________________ the new bus? Yes, I

____________________________ it last week. (to drive)

11. John has _________________________ a new overcoat. I thought he

_________________________ one last year. (to buy)

12. Who _____________________________ the apple cider for breakfast? Have you

ever ______________________________ apple cider before? (to drink)

13. Has he ___________________________________ his breakfast? Yes, he

_______________________ this morning. (to eat)

14. Have you _________________________ your partner? I

__________________________ yesterday at the cheerleading clinic. (to choose)

Saturday

July 18th, 1998

Donna Garner

Education Policy Commentator EducationNews.org

On Twitter

Oklahoma state testing interrupted by tech glitches -- again http://t.co/G8qL86bXfK #edtech #edchat #education

1 hour ago

Pennsylvania cyber charter school teachers join union http://t.co/3ejVLWWLvV #edtech #edchat #education

2 hours ago

UK officials investigate validity of 'Muslim takeover plot' in Birmingham schools http://t.co/2zzPQfteye #ukedchat #education #edchat

1 day ago

On Facebook

Subscribe

Enter your email to subscribe to daily Education News!

Hot Topics

Career Index

Plan your career as an educator using our free online datacase of useful information.

View All